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    Ecosystem Management

    The well-being of people all over the world depends on healthy ecosystems to provide goods, like food and water, and services like climate regulation and protection from natural hazards.


    Diverse and healthy ecosystems matter


    In the past 20 years

    90 %

    of major disasters caused by weather-related events

    Islands harbour

    20 %

    of all plant, bird and reptile species

    Drylands coverage


    of global terrestrial carbon stocks

    How we engage

    IUCN uses ecosystem-based approaches and works with governments and local communities to develop and implement policies and actions contributing to long-term disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation.

    IUCN addresses information gaps and capacity needs on the sustainable management, conservation and restoration of ecosystems, with the aim of achieving sustainable and resilient development. 

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    • Common Ground Report Photo: @shutterstock

      Cultivating the Common Ground


      Conserving land health is a common concern for both the agriculture and conservation sectors, and will be central to a post-Covid19 recovery. Following the publication of its seminal Common Ground report on agriculture and biodiversity, IUCN held a virtual...

    • Green space beside a city skyline Photo: https://flic.kr/p/2aQ5GSG

      People, Nature and Justice: Ecosystem-based Adaptation in Cities of the Global South


      Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) encompasses a broad set of approaches to adapt to climate change, that involve the management of ecosystems and their services to reduce the vulnerability of human communities. EbA has gained...

    • Seedling on right and words on left. blue sky Photo: IUCN

      Nature+ Accelerator Fund ready for investors


      IUCN and partners launch novel fund to drive investment to nature-based solutions

    Follow IUCN Ecosystems


    Learn more

    EPIC Thailand Photo: Camille Buyck

    Environment and Disasters

    Climate change is increasing the frequency and intensity of climate-related hazards Nature-based solutions can help communities prepare for, cope with, and recover from disasters.


    Mekong Floods 2008 Photo: Rob McWilliam

    Ecosystem-based Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation

    Ecosystem-based Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation, or Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) involves a wide range of ecosystem management activities to increase the resilience and reduce the vulnerability of people and the environment to climate change.


    Herd-Kenya Photo: Herd-Kenya, Davies

    Global Drylands Initiative

    Drylands are found in tropical and temperate latitudes and account for 41.3% of the global terrestrial area. They can be classified into four types - dry sub-humid, semi-arid, arid and hyper-arid lands - encompassing a variety of ecosystems. The goal of the Global Drylands Initiative...
    Moyan Brenn CC BY 2.0 Photo: Moyan Brenn CC BY 2.0

    Global Island Partnership

    Work together to build resilient and sustainable island communities by inspiring leadership, catalyzing commitments and facilitating collaboration for all islands.


    Quick reads

    Aimed at policy-makers and journalists, IUCN Issues Briefs provide key information on selected issues in a two-pager format.

    Issues Brief - Drylands and climate change Photo: IUCN

    Drylands and Climate Change

    Drylands are ecosystems, such as rangelands, grasslands and woodlands, which occupy over 40% of the terrestrial surface, and are characterised by high temporal and spatial rainfall variability....
    thumbnail_conserving healthy soils issues brief Photo: IUCN

    Conserving healthy soils

    The health of soils is dependent on the mix of living organisms they contain, including bacteria, fungi, protozoa, insects, worms, other invertebrates and vertebrates. This variety of organisms...
    thumbnail_iucn_issues_cc_peatlands Photo: thumbnail_iucn_issues_cc_peatlands

    Peatlands and climate change

    Peatlands are a type of wetlands that occur in almost every country on Earth, currently covering 3% of the global land surface. The term ‘peatland’ refers to the peat soil and the wetland habitat...
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